The case concerns 12 converts from Islam to Christianity who wanted their ID to reflect that fact. These were Coptic Christians who had converted to Islam, and then decided to convert back. The case went all the way to the Egyptian Supreme Court.
There have been 211 lawsuits in Egypt to correct religious designations since April 2004.
Why would people want to change their ID status?
This designation subjected them to Muslim family law and predetermined the religious affiliation of their children and the mandatory religious education they will receive in public schools.
Why is this an important decision?
Muslim-born converts to Christianity are similarly denied identification documents reflecting their conversion and are often subject to official and social harassment, detention, and sometimes even torture by security officers.